Scientific evidence on natural disasters and health emergency and disaster risk management in Asian rural-based area
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AbstractIntroduction Disaster epidemiological studies indicate that Asia has the highest frequency of natural disasters. Rural communities are heavily impacted by natural disasters and have different healthcare needs to urban ones. Referencing Asian countries, this paper's objective is to provide an overview of health impacts and the current evidence for designing programmes and policies related to rural health emergency and disaster risk management (health-EDRM).

Sources of data This paper uses published English-only reports and papers retrieved from PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, Medline and PsycINFO on rural disaster and emergency responses and relief, health impact and disease patterns in Asia (January 2000-January 2018).

Areas of agreement Earthquakes are the most studied natural disasters in rural communities. The medical burden and health needs of rural communities were most commonly reported among populations of extreme age. Most of the existing research evidence for rural interventions was reported in China. There lacks published peer-reviewed reports of programme impacts on personal and community preparedness.

Areas of controversy There is a lack of evidence-based health-EDRM interventions to evaluate implementation effectiveness in rural areas despite vast volumes of health-related disaster literature.

Growing points Climate change-related disasters are increasing in frequency and severity. Evidence is needed for disaster risk reduction interventions to address the health risks specific to rural populations.

Areas timely for developing research To support global policy development, urgent evidence is needed on the intervention effectiveness, long-term health outcomes, local and cultural relevance as well as sustainability of health relief produced by Health-EDRM programmes in rural areas.
Acceptance Date11/01/2019
All Author(s) ListChan EYY, Man AYT, Lam HCY
Journal nameBritish Medical Bulletin
Year2019
Month2
Volume Number129
Issue Number1
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
Pages91 - 105
ISSN0007-1420
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsDisaster preparedness, disaster risk reduction, rural health, natural disasters, Asia, health-EDRM

Last updated on 2021-16-05 at 02:00