Relationship between self-care adherence, time perspective, readiness to change and executive function in patients with heart failure
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AbstractThis study examined the relationship between self-care adherence, time perspective (TP), readiness to change (RTC) and executive function in heart failure (HF) self-care. 147 heart failure patients completed questionnaires on self-care, TP, RTC; and cognitive tasks that reflect working memory and inhibition. Positive correlation was found between self-care, future-oriented TP (r = 0.362, P = 0.01), RTC (r = 0.184, P = 0.05) and working memory (r = 0.174, P = 0.01). Mediation analysis elucidated the indirect effect of RTC on self-care through TP (B = 1.205, bias-corrected bootstrapped at 95% confidence interval 0.532, 2.145) explaining 62.0% of the total effect. Working memory did not moderate this relationship and inhibition did not predict self-care. Self-care scores were lower than cut-off of 70 (mean = 51.2, standard deviation = 17.2). Age (r = − 0.220), staying alone (r = − 0.270) income < 1000 (r = − 0.270) and not having formal education (r = − 0.165) were correlated with TP. Healthcare professionals could motivate HF patients to perform regular self-care behaviours by tailoring interventions according to their TP and RTC.
Acceptance Date06/07/2019
All Author(s) ListHan Shi Jocelyn Chew, Kheng Leng David Sim, Kai Chow Choi, Sek Ying Chair
Journal nameJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Year2019
PublisherSpringer (part of Springer Nature): Springer Open Choice Hybrid Journals
ISSN0160-7715
eISSN1573-3521
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2021-08-05 at 00:44