Effects of high temperature on existing allergic symptoms and the effect modification of allergic history on health outcomes during hot days among adults: An exploratory cross-sectional telephone survey study
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AbstractObjective: The effects of high temperature on existing allergic conditions are unclear. This study explored the prevalence of allergic symptoms and the effects of high temperature on existing allergic symptoms among an adult population. The effects of high temperature on other non-allergic health outcomes were compared between adults with and without a history of allergic symptoms.

Method: A cross-sectional telephone survey study was conducted in Hong Kong two weeks after a heat wave in 2017. Socio-demographic information, history of allergic symptoms, non-allergic health symptoms and self reported changes of allergic symptoms during the study hot period were collected using multiple-choice questions.

Results: Of the 436 respondents, 24% had reported an allergic history. During the study hot period, 22.4% and 15.7% of those who had skin and nasal allergies had reported worsen symptoms comparing to normal days. Comparing to people without an allergic history, those ever having allergic symptoms reported a higher rate of mucus secretions, mouth ulcers, poorer sleeping quality and worsen mood during the study hot period. The main limitation of this study is the lack of baseline information and the changes in symptoms were based on self-report basis.

Conclusion: A noticeable proportion of the study adult population reported an allergic history. Some of these symptoms got worse during period of high temperature. Pre-existing allergic symptoms were found associated with more adverse health effects and worse quality of life during hot days. Strategic health promotion policy should be planned to increase the awareness of the potential impacts of high temperature on allergy and the related health issues.
Acceptance Date11/05/2019
All Author(s) ListLam HCY, Chan EYY
Journal nameEnvironmental Research
Year2019
Month8
Volume Number175
PublisherElsevier
Pages142 - 147
ISSN0013-9351
eISSN1096-0953
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAllergy, Symptoms, Hot days, High temperature, Adults

Last updated on 2021-07-05 at 01:15