Optimal Coupling of Straw and Synthetic Fertilizers Incorporation on Soil Properties, Active Fe Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emission in Jasminum sambac (L.) Field in Southeastern China
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AbstractIn agriculture, synthetic fertilizers have played a key role in enhancing food production and keeping the world's population adequately fed. China's participation is essential to global efforts in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions because it is the largest producer and consumer of synthetic fertilizers. A field experiment was conducted in a Jasminum sambac (L.) field to evaluate the impact different doses of fertilizers (half, standard, and double) and their combination with straw on ecosystem (including crop plants and soil) GHG emissions. The results showed that in comparison with the control or straw treatments, the straw + standard fertilizer treatment increased the soil water content. The fertilizer treatments decreased the soil pH, but the straw and combination treatments, especially the straw + standard fertilizer treatment, had higher soil pH in comparison with the fertilizer treatment. The active soil Fe (Fe2+ and Fe3+) concentration was slightly increased in the straw + standard fertilizer treatment in comparison with the control. Moreover, fertilizer increased the CO2 emission, and we detected a positive interaction between the straw application and the double fertilization dose that increased CO2 emission, but the straw + standard fertilizer treatment decreased it. Fertilizer decreased CH4 and N2O emissions, but when straw and fertilizer treatments were applied together, this increased CH4 and N2O emissions. Overall, considering the soil properties and GHG emissions, the straw + standard fertilizer treatment was the best method to enhance soil water retention capacity, improve soil acid, and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions for sustainable management of J. sambac dry croplands.
All Author(s) ListWang C, Min QW, Abid AA, Sardans J, Wu HH, Lai DYF, Penuelas J, Wang WQ
Journal nameSustainability
Year2019
Month2
Volume Number11
Issue Number4
PublisherMDPI
Article number1092
ISSN2071-1050
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordssoil properties, GHG emission, synthetic fertilizer, straw, Jasminum sambac (L.)
Web of Science Subject CategoriesGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology;Environmental Sciences;Environmental Studies;Science & Technology - Other Topics;Environmental Sciences & Ecology

Last updated on 2020-30-03 at 00:25