Prediction of Forelimb Reach Results From Motor Cortex Activities Based on Calcium Imaging and Deep Learning
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AbstractBrain-wide activities revealed by neuroimaging and recording techniques have been used to predict motor and cognitive functions in both human and animal models. However, although studies have shown the existence of micrometer-scale spatial organization of neurons in the motor cortex relevant to motor control, two-photon microscopy (TPM) calcium imaging at cellular resolution has not been fully exploited for the same purpose. Here, we ask if calcium imaging data recorded by TPM in rodent brain can provide enough information to predict features of upcoming movement. We collected calcium imaging signal from rostral forelimb area in layer 2/3 of the motor cortex while mice performed a two-dimensional lever reaching task. Images of average calcium activity collected during motion preparation period and inter-trial interval (ITI) were used to predict the forelimb reach results. The evaluation was based on a deep learning model that had been applied for object recognition. We found that the prediction accuracy for both maximum reaching location and trial outcome based on motion preparation period but not ITI were higher than the probabilities governed by chance. Our study demonstrated that imaging data encompassing information on the spatial organization of functional neuronal clusters in the motor cortex is useful in predicting motor acts even in the absence of detailed dynamics of neural activities.
All Author(s) ListChunyue LI, Danny C.W. CHAN, Xiaofeng YANG, Ya KE, Wing-Ho YUNG
Journal nameFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Detailed descriptionCorresponding author: Wing Ho YUNG
Volume Number13
PublisherFrontiers Media
Article number88
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsmotor cortex, two-photon imaging, movement prediction, deep learning, convolutional neural network

Last updated on 2020-24-11 at 02:01