Severity of child ADHD symptoms, parental psychological symptoms, work pressure, social support, and parenting stress in families of children with ADHD
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AbstractBackground: Parents’ role in helping children with ADHD is significant; however, the highly stressed status may negatively influence their parenting practice and affect children’s development in return. In order to encouraging mindful parenting behaviors, and for the benefit of children with ADHD, it is necessary to identify the factors that may predict parenting stress and explore the ways of alleviating parents’ stress levels. Previous studies seldom explored factors from parent domain and environmental domain. In this study, besides child ADHD symptoms, parental psychological symptoms, parental ADHD symptoms, parenting alliance, work pressure, social support and family income in predicting parenting stress were explored.
Objectives: This study aims to: identify the factors influencing parenting stress from parent and environmental domain and examine their effects on parents of children with ADHD, compared with their effects on parents of typically developing children; and explore the moderating role of social support in the relationship between parenting alliance, work pressure, family income and parenting stress.
Methods: This study used a quantitative method and adopted a cross-sectional survey as its research design. Purposive sampling and convenient sampling was used. Families of children with ADHD were recruited in Xi’an Children’s Hospital and families of typically developing children were recruited from the community primary school. All of the children included in the study were aged from 6 to 12 years old. The participants included a total of 314 families of children with ADHD and a total of 308 families of typically developing children.
Results: Parents of children with ADHD were experiencing significantly higher levels of parenting stress than were parents of typically developing children. Mothers were more stressed than fathers. For mothers of children with ADHD, higher severity of child ADHD symptoms, parental psychological symptoms, and work pressure were positively associated with higher levels of maternal stress; lower levels of social support was negatively related to higher levels of maternal stress; however, for fathers of children with ADHD, merely work pressure was found positively associated with paternal stress. Social support moderated the effects of parenting alliance, work pressure, and family income on parenting stress.
Conclusions: Parents of children with ADHD indeed suffering higher levels of parenting stress than those of parents with typically developing children, especially mothers are experiencing higher levels of parenting stress than fathers do. In modern society, the impact of work pressure on parenting stress should be paid more attention to. Besides, child ADHD symptoms, parental psychological symptoms, and social support are influencing parents’ stress levels.
Acceptance Date14/06/2019
All Author(s) ListYang Si, Joyce L. C. Ma
Name of ConferenceAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Critical Appraisal of Its Etiology, Diagnosis and Therapy
Start Date of Conference13/06/2019
End Date of Conference15/06/2019
Place of ConferenceRegensburg
Country/Region of ConferenceGermany
Year2019
Month6
LanguagesEnglish-United States
Keywordscompare study, parenting stress, child ADHD symptoms, parental psychological symptoms, work pressure, social support

Last updated on 2019-16-09 at 14:54