"DemenTitude" from the Voice of Dementia - Promoting Proper Caring Attitude to the Person with Dementia in the Chinese Society
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


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AbstractAging population is one of the worldwide issues to be addressed and there is a rapid growth of senior citizens in Hong Kong. The prevalence of dementia is increased from 6.1% to 9.3% of the elderly aged 70 years old or above. The occurrence of dementia doubles for every five years’ increase in age after the age of 60 (Chiu et al., 1998), from 1.2% among those aged 60 to 64 to 32.1% among those aged 85 and above. It was extremely vital to explore the proper caring attitude and training model through understanding the self-perception of people with dementia. Indeed, the self-perception of people with dementia would be affected by the surrounding environment and the interpretations or interactions with the caring staff in the particular setting of residential care homes in Hong Kong (Brooker, 2004; Kitwood, 1997;Zimmerman et al., 2005). Based on the theory of symbolic interactionism and interpretivism, a qualitative research was conducted with the in-depth interviews between the residents with dementia and the caring staff in the residential care homes. Through the observations and thematic analysis, the findings were concluded and used for the design of a particular training programme. In this research, we discovered that people with dementia experience the “puzzling self” as they are living in-between the self-perceived reality and others-perceived reality. The caring staff fails to provide the appropriate interactions which is referenced to the subjective world of people with dementia will lead to their further confusion and becomes puzzling. Getting familiar with the co-constructive formation of the “puzzling self” and rationale behind of people with dementia can flourish effective and meaningful interactions during the caring process. After receiving this training session, learning “synchronization” to the world of dementia favors the implementation of the humanistic care approach in dementia services. Moreover, it brings positive changes of the caring attitude among frontline staff which promote the new dementia care culture. This study intends to go beyond the dominance of “medical gaze” and make a reflection learning on the proper caring attitude to the person with dementia through listening to the voice of dementia, called 'DemenTitude'.
Acceptance Date29/05/2019
All Author(s) ListKenny CHUI CHI MAN, LAM CHING MAN
Name of ConferenceAlzheimer’s Association International Conference 2019
Start Date of Conference14/07/2019
End Date of Conference18/07/2019
Place of ConferenceLos Angeles
Country/Region of ConferenceUnited States of America
Year2019
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2019-03-12 at 15:39