Use of a microelectrode array to record extracellular pacemaker potentials from the gastrointestinal tracts of the ICR mouse and house musk shrew (Suncus murinus)
Publication in refereed journal

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摘要Background:
The rhythmic contraction and relaxation of smooth muscles in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is governed by pacemaker electrical potentials, also termed slow waves, which are calcium currents generated by interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). Malfunction of pacemaker rhythms contributes to a number of clinically challenging gastrointestinal motility disorders.
Method:
A microelectrode array (MEA) was used to record slow waves in vitro from intact GI tissues freshly isolated from the ICR mouse and Suncus murinus. The effects of temperature, extracellular calcium and potassium concentrations on pacemaker potentials were quantified using spatiotemporal metrics.
Results:
Pacemaker frequency decreased from the duodenum to the ileum in the mouse, but this phenomenon was less significant in Suncus murinus. In both the mouse and Suncus murinus, the stomach had a much lower pacemaker frequency than the intestine. Propagation velocity and amplitude were highest in the proximal intestine. Temperature significantly increased pacemaker frequency in the intestinal tissues of both species. Removal of Ca2+ from the medium inhibited pacemaker potential and increasing the Ca2+ concentration increased pacemaker frequency in the mouse ileum. Increasing K+ concentration decreased pacemaker frequency in the absence of nifedipine.
Conclusions:
The MEA allows efficient investigation of gut pacemaker frequency and propagation.
著者Julia Y.H. LIU, Peng DU, Wood Yee CHAN, John A. RUDD
期刊名稱Cell Calcium
詳細描述Corresponding author: Julia Y.H. LIU; Last author: John Rudd
出版年份2019
月份6
卷號80
出版社Elsevier Ltd
頁次175 - 188
國際標準期刊號0143-4160
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Microelectrode array, Pacemaker potential, Gastrointestinal tract, Interstitial cells of Cajal, Slow wave

上次更新時間 2020-23-10 於 02:42