PLGA/beta-TCP composite scaffold incorporating salvianolic acid B promotes bone fusion by angiogenesis and osteogenesis in a rat spinal fusion model
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AbstractSpinal disorders often require surgical treatment called spinal fusion to restore a stabilized spine where bone grafts are implanted for the fusion of adjacent vertebras. In this study, we developed a bioactive composite scaffold incorporated with salvianolic acid B (SB), an active component extracted from Danshen. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of SB-incorporated porous scaffold on spinal fusion models. The composite scaffolds composed of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) and tricalcium phosphate (PLGA/beta-TCP) were fabricated with low-temperature rapid prototyping technique, which incorporated SB at low (SB-L), middle (SB-M), high (SB-H) doses, and pure PLGA/beta-TCP as blank control (Con). The release profile of SB from the scaffolds was determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties of the scaffolds were reflected by the osteogenic differentiation ability of rat primary mesenchymal stem cells. The angiogenesis was determined by the forming of tubelike structures resembling capillaries using endothelial cell line (EA hy9.26). A well-established spinal fusion model was used to evaluate the in vivo bony fusion. Animals were transplanted with scaffolds, or autografts from iliac crest as positive controls. Micro-computed tomography (CT) analysis, CT-based angiography, manual palpation test, histomorphometry, and histology were performed after 8 weeks of transplantation. Results revealed that incorporated SB was steadily released from the scaffolds. The aliquot of released SB promoted osteogenesis and angiogenesis in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. In animal study, a dose-dependent effect of SB on new bone formation, mineral apposition rate, and vessel density within the scaffold were demonstrated. Manual palpation test showed little numerical improvement in fusion rate when compared with the blank controls. In summary, our results suggested that SB-incorporated PLGA/beta-TCP composite scaffold could enhance bony fusion through the promotion of osteogenesis and angiogenesis. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Acceptance Date02/04/2018
All Author(s) ListSien Lin, Liao Cui, Guanghua Chen, Jianping Huang, Yanhua Yang, Kaijie Zou, Yuxia Lai, Xinluan Wang, Liyi Zou, Tie Wu, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Gang Li, Bo Wei, Wayne Yuk Wai Lee
Journal nameBiomaterials
Volume Number196
Place of PublicationUSA
Pages109 - 121
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsSpinal fusion, Tissue engineering, Salvianolic acid B

Last updated on 2020-31-03 at 23:32