Cai Yuanpei (1868–1940), Religion, and His Plan to Save China through Buddhism
Publication in refereed journal

摘要This article examines the evolution of Cai Yuanpei’s (1868–1940) views on religion in general and Buddhism in particular, focusing on his little-known essay, “Protecting the Nation through Buddhist Teachings” (1900). The twofold aim is to explain how a generally secularist leader such as Cai could have once advocated Buddhism as a key in constructing a modern nation but then changed his views. Toward this end I analyze Cai’s writings and probe the sources of his ideas. This investigation reveals that Cai derived pro-Buddhist ideas from modernist Japanese Buddhism and from native
Chinese thinkers fearful of Christianity and disenchanted with Confucianism. I argue that Cai’s gradual change was due to Western secular philosophies and to his experiences with religious groups. I suggest that Cai wrestled with a fundamental issue for modern states, which remains divisive worldwide to this day: whether to grant a given religion or ideology a privileged place in the national constitution. An annotated translation of Cai’s essay is appended.
著者GILDOW Douglas Matthew
期刊名稱Asia Major
出版社Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica
頁次107 - 148
關鍵詞Cai Yuanpei, religion, Buddhism, jiao (teachings /religion), guo (nation /state), Inoue Enryo

上次更新時間 2020-15-04 於 10:32