Eye Diseases in Children and Young Adulthood: Causes, Consequences and Prevention
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AbstractAbout 10% of pre-school children globally have been estimated by World Health Organization to have various forms of visual dysfunctions. Some ocular disorders are transient and correctable naturally or by mild intervention without affecting vision later in life. But many can develop into permanent serious and irreversible consequences that harm vision, disrupt quality of life including frustration, hindered learning and disruptive sport activities. If detected early, some common childhood complications, including strabismus and myopia, can be corrected. There are eye diseases afflicting children and young adults causing serious consequences even to blindness if not detected early and treated appropriately. Both environmental and genetic factors attribute to eye diseases in childhood or early adulthood. Genetics is a major contributor to childhood blindness, especially in developed countries. Potentially blinding genetic eye diseases, such as congenital glaucoma and cataracts, can be treated to improve vision. In lethal ocular conditions such as retinoblastoma, early detection and appropriate treatment are crucial. In recent years many eye disease genes have been identified, some are ethnic or geographical specific. We have conducted a population based children eye study in Hong Kong, and found high prevalence of refractive disorders in children and their parents. Our genetic studies have also revealed Chinese specific eye disease alleles. Children eye care is very important. Comprehensive eye screening should be conducted to all children aged 4 to 6 years. Genetic testing should also be provided. We advocate the concept of personal care through health care, started with children eye care.
All Author(s) ListPang CP
Name of Conference2018港深澳眼科高峰論壇暨白內障與屈光手術新進展學習班
Start Date of Conference12/10/2018
End Date of Conference13/10/2018
Place of ConferenceShenzhen
Country/Region of ConferenceChina
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-11-02 at 14:38