Cost-effectiveness of Screening for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma among Asian American Men in the United States
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AbstractObjective Most patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in the United States are diagnosed with stage III-IV disease. Screening for NPC in endemic areas results in earlier detection and improved outcomes. We examined the cost-effectiveness of screening for NPC with plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA among Asian American men in the United States. Study Design We used a Markov cohort model to estimate discounted life-years, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for screening as compared with usual care without screening. Setting The base case analysis considered onetime screening for 50-year-old Asian American men. Subjects and Methods Confirmatory testing was magnetic resonance imaging and nasopharyngoscopy. Cancer-specific outcomes, health utility values, and costs were determined from cancer registries and the published literature. Results For Asian American men, usual care without screening resulted in the detection of NPC at stages I, II, III-IVB, and IVC among 6%, 29%, 54%, and 11% of those with cancer, respectively, whereas screening resulted in earlier detection with a stage distribution of 43%, 24%, 32%, and 1%. This corresponded to an additional 0.00055 QALYs gained at a cost of $63 per person: an incremental cost of $113,341 per QALY gained. In probabilistic sensitivity analysis, screening Asian American men was cost-effective at $100,000 per QALY gained in 35% of samples. Conclusion Although screening for NPC with plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA for 50-year-old Asian American men may result in earlier detection, in this study it was unlikely to be cost-effective. Screening may be reasonable for certain subpopulations at higher risk for NPC, but clinical studies are necessary before implementation.
All Author(s) ListHarris, Saraswathula, Kaplun, Qian, Chan, Chan, Le, Owens, Goldhaber-Fiebert, Pollom
Journal nameOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume Number161
Issue Number1
PublisherSAGE Publications (UK and US)
Pages82 - 90
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-01-06 at 02:58