Mid-term Results of a Novel Dedicated Venous Stent for the Treatment of Chronic Thoracic Central Vein Obstruction of Benign Aetiology
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AbstractObjectives: Endovascular treatment is indicated for the treatment of symptomatic thoracic central vein obstruction (TCVO) but is limited by high rates of restenosis and the need for re-intervention. The aim was to assess the safety and mid-term patency of a novel dedicated venous stent for the treatment of TCVO of benign aetiology.

Methods: This was a prospective single centre observational study of 20 patients (median age 65 years, 50% male) referred for the treatment of symptomatic chronic (>three months duration) TCVO between May 2016 and January 2018. Balloon angioplasty with implantation of a self expanding nitinol stent (Vici, Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA) was performed in all patients. Clinical records including demographics, aetiologies and types of TCVO, and procedural details were recorded. Patients were followed up clinically at one, six, and 12 months. Primary and assisted primary patency were reported.

Results: All 20 lesions were total occlusions, of which 55% (n = 11) were de novo, 10% (n = 2) peri-stent restenosis, and 35% (n = 7) in-stent re-occlusion. The aetiology of TCVO was predominantly (95%) because of multiple or prolonged central venous line insertion. The procedural success rate was 90% (18/20) with no procedural complications. The median follow up was 13.5 months. Primary patency was 100% at 6 months. One patient required re-intervention for stent in segment restenosis at 7 months. The assisted primary patency rate was 100% at 12 months.

Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of benign TCVO with the novel dedicated venous stent was safe and effective in relieving obstructive symptoms with excellent one year patency rates.
All Author(s) ListTan GM, Chi WK, Yan BP
Journal nameEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Year2019
Month3
Volume Number57
Issue Number3
PublisherElsevier: 12 months
Pages417 - 423
ISSN1078-5884
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2020-07-08 at 02:02