Empowering the Elderly -- the Effect of Pensions on Eldercare Mode, Brideprice, and Sex Ratio
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


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AbstractThe elderly in rural China have low incomes and heavily rely on the eldercare provided by their sons. We analyze how the introduction of the New Rural Pension Scheme (NRPS) empowers the elderly in a difference-in-differences framework. Using the China Health and Longitudinal Study and Chinese Census data, we find that after the NRPS is introduced to the county, adult sons are more likely to migrate out of the parent's resident county, but adult daughters are not; parents provide less brideprice to their sons when they get married, but the dowry provided to daughters is not affected; and the sex ratio is less biased. In addition, the amount of gift-giving to relatives and friends declines. These results imply that the elderly with pensions are less dependent on the informal care provided by their sons and their relatives and friends. Our findings also suggest that one reason for the son preference is the gain of eldercare provided by a married son and his wife, and that one reason for the son's parents to pay the brideprice is to “purchase” the eldercare provided by the son couple.
Acceptance Date16/04/2019
All Author(s) ListNaijia Guo, Wei Huang, Ruixin Wang
Name of ConferenceChina Meeting of the Econometric Society
Start Date of Conference17/06/2019
End Date of Conference19/06/2019
Place of ConferenceJinan University
Country/Region of ConferenceChina
Year2019
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2020-27-04 at 13:01