Isorhynchophylline exerts antidepressant-like effects in mice via modulating neuroinflammation and neurotrophins: involvement of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3 beta signaling pathway
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AbstractIsorhynchophylline (IRN), an oxindole alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla, elicited distinct antidepressant-like activity in mice. The present study aimed to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of IRN in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depressive-like behaviors in mice and to illustrate its possible mechanisms of action. The mice were subjected to CUMS for 6 wk and administered with IRN (20 or 40 mg/kg) daily by oral gavage for 3 wk. The PI3K/protein kinase B (Akt) inhibitor and glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) inhibitors were used to determine the involvement of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3 beta pathway in the antidepressant-like effects of IRN in the mice. The results showed that CUMS caused depression-like behaviors in the mice, such as behavioral despair by the forced swim test (FST) and anhedonia by the sucrose preference test. In addition, CUMS could significantly reduce the levels of nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor but markedly increase the release of TNF-alpha and IL-6 in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of the mice. Western blotting analysis showed that CUMS markedly suppressed the levels of phosphorylated GSK-3 beta (Ser9) and phosphorylated Akt (Ser473) but significantly enhanced the translocation of NF-kappa B p65 from cytosol to nuclei in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of the mice. CUMS could also significantly increase the NF-kappa B binding activity in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of the mice, whereas IRN treatment could significantly reverse the behavioral and biochemical changes induced by CUMS in the mice. Moreover, the antidepressant-like effect of IRN was completely abolished by the PI3K/Akt inhibitor. Combination treatment with IRN and GSK-3 beta inhibitors in the mice exerted a synergistic anti-immobility action in the FST. The results of mechanistic investigations indicated that the antidepressant-like action of IRN was mediated, at least in part, by enhancing neurotrophins and attenuating neuroinflammation via modulating the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3 beta pathway.-Xian, Y.-F., Ip, S.-P., Li, H.-Q., Qu, C., Su, Z.-R., Chen, J.-N., Lin, Z.-X. Isorhynchophylline exerts antidepressant-like effects in mice via modulating neuroinflammation and neurotrophins: involvement of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3 beta signaling pathway.
All Author(s) ListXian, Ip, Li, Qu, Su, Chen, Lin
Journal nameFASEB Journal
Year2019
Month9
Volume Number33
Issue Number9
Pages10393 - 10408
ISSN0892-6638
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-15-09 at 01:58