Beyond the ‘east–west’ dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood.
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Markus and Kitayama's (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality, and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. However, research has relied excessively on contrasts between North American and East Asian samples, and commonly used self-report measures of independence and interdependence frequently fail to show predicted cultural differences. We revisited the conceptualization and measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals in 2 large-scale multinational surveys, using improved methods for cross-cultural research. We developed (Study 1: N = 2924 students in 16 nations) and validated across cultures (Study 2: N = 7279 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations) a new 7-dimensional model of self-reported ways of being independent or interdependent. Patterns of global variation support some of Markus and Kitayama's predictions, but a simple contrast between independence and interdependence does not adequately capture the diverse models of selfhood that prevail in different world regions. Cultural groups emphasize different ways of being both independent and interdependent, depending on individualism-collectivism, national socioeconomic development, and religious heritage. Our 7-dimensional model will allow future researchers to test more accurately the implications of cultural models of selfhood for psychological processes in diverse ecocultural contexts.
著者Vignoles VL, Owe E, Becker M, Smith PB, Easterbrook MJ, Brown R, Gonzalez R, Didier N, Carrasco D, Cadena MP, Lay S, Schwartz SJ, Des Rosiers SE, Villamar JA, Gavreliuc A, Zinkeng M, Kreuzbauer R, Baguma P, Martin M, Tatarko A, Herman G, de Sauvage I, Courtois M, Gardarsdottir RB, Harb C, Gallo IS, Gil PP, Clemares RL, Campara G, Nizharadze G, Macapagal MEJ, Jalal B, Bourguignon D, Zhang JX, Lv SB, Chybicka A, Yuki M, Zhang X, Espinosa A, Valk A, Abuhamdeh S, Amponsah B, Ozgen E, Guner EU, Yamakoglu N, Chobthamkit P, Pyszczynski T, Kesebir P, Trujillo EV, Balanta P, Ayala BC, Koller SH, Jaafar JL, Gausel N, Fischer R, Milfont TL, Kusdil E, Caglar S, Aldhafri S, Ferreira MC, Mekonnen KH, Wang Q, Fulop M, Torres A, Camino L, Lemos FCS, Fritsche I, Moller B, Regalia C, Manzi C, Brambilla M, Bond MH
期刊名稱Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
頁次966 - 1000
關鍵詞culture, independence-interdependence, self-construals
Web of Science 學科類別Psychology, Experimental;Psychology

上次更新時間 2020-21-09 於 01:53