Device-to-device load balancing for cellular networks
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Small-cell architecture is widely adopted by cellular network operators to increase spectral spatial efficiency. However, this approach suffers from low spectrum temporal efficiency. When a cell becomes smaller and covers fewer users, its total traffic fluctuates significantly due to insufficient traffic aggregation and exhibits a large "peak-to-mean" ratio. As operators customarily provision spectrum for peak traffic, large traffic temporal fluctuation inevitably leads to low spectrum temporal efficiency. To address this issue, in this paper, we advocate device-to-device (D2D) load-balancing as a useful mechanism. The idea is to shift traffic from a congested cell to its adjacent under-utilized cells by leveraging inter-cell D2D communication, so that the traffic can be served without using extra spectrum, effectively improving the spectrum temporal efficiency. We provide theoretical modeling and analysis to characterize the benefit of D2D load balancing, in terms of total spectrum requirements and the corresponding cost, in terms of incurred D2D traffic overhead. We carry out empirical evaluations based on real-world 4G data traces and show that D2D load balancing can reduce the spectrum requirement by 25% as compared to the standard scenario without D2D load balancing, at the expense of negligible 0.7% D2D traffic overhead.
著者Lei Deng, Yinghui He, Ying Zhang, Minghua Chen, Zongpeng Li, Jack Y. B. Lee, Ying Jun Zhang, Lingyang Song
期刊名稱IEEE Transactions on Communications
頁次3040 - 3054

上次更新時間 2021-17-09 於 00:08