Activation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1)-mediated lipogenesis by the Epstein-Barr virus-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) promotes cell proliferation and progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), which is commonly expressed in NPC, engages multiple signaling pathways that promote cell growth, transformation, and metabolic reprogramming. Here, we report a novel function of LMP1 in promoting de novo lipogenesis. LMP1 increases the expression, maturation and activation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1), a master regulator of lipogenesis, and its downstream target fatty acid synthase (FASN). LMP1 also induces de novo lipid synthesis and lipid droplet formation. In contrast, small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of LMP1 in EBV-infected epithelial cells diminished SREBP1 activation and lipid biosynthesis. Furthermore, inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, through the use of either mTOR inhibitors or siRNAs, significantly reduced LMP1-mediated SREBP1 activity and lipogenesis, indicating that LMP1 activation of the mTOR pathway is required for SREBP1-mediated lipogenesis. In primary NPC tumors, FASN overexpression is common, with high levels correlating significantly with LMP1 expression. Moreover, elevated FASN expression was associated with aggressive disease and poor survival in NPC patients. Luteolin and fatostatin, two inhibitors of lipogenesis, suppressed lipogenesis and proliferation of nasopharyngeal epithelial cells, effects that were more profound in cells expressing LMP1. Luteolin and fatostatin also dramatically inhibited NPC tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Our findings demonstrate that LMP1 activation of SREBP1-mediated lipogenesis promotes tumor cell growth and is involved in EBV-driven NPC pathogenesis. Our results also reveal the therapeutic potential of utilizing lipogenesis inhibitors in the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic NPC.
著者Lo AK, Lung RW, Dawson CW, Young LS, Ko CW, Yeung WW, Kang W, To KF, Lo KW
期刊名稱Journal of Pathology
頁次180 - 190

上次更新時間 2021-12-09 於 00:16