Developing an early warning system of suicide using Google Trends and media reporting
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AbstractBackground
Conventional surveillance systems for suicides typically suffer from a substantial time lag of six months to two years. This study aims to develop an early warning system of possible suicide outbreaks in Hong Kong using Google Trends and suicide-related media reporting.

Methods
Data on 3,534 suicides from 2011 to 2015 were obtained from Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department, and the Coroner's Court. Using data from Google Trends and features extracted from media reporting on suicide news, we fitted Poisson regression models to predict the number and estimate the intensity of suicides on a weekly basis, for six subgroups, defined by gender and age. We adopted the cumulative sum (CUSUM) control chart-based method to identify outbreaks of suicide.

Results
The proposed model was able to predict the number of suicides with reasonably low normalized root mean squared errors, ranging from 15.6% for young females to 24.16% for old females. The suicide intensity curves were well captured by the proposed models for young males and females, but not for other groups. The Sensitivity, Precision and F1 Score of the CUSUM-based method were 50%, 100% and 67% for young females, and 93%, 54% and 68% for young males.

Limitations
This study focused only on predicting the number of suicides in the current week, not in the future weeks. The model did not include social media, socioeconomic and climate data.

Conclusions
Our results indicate that Google Trends search terms and media reporting data may be valuable data sources for predicting possible outbreak of suicides in Hong Kong. The proposed system could support effective and targeted interventions.
Acceptance Date13/05/2019
All Author(s) ListChai Yi, Luo Hao, Zhang Qingpeng, Cheng Qijin, Carrie S. M. Lui, Paul S. F. Yip
Journal nameJournal of Affective Disorders
Year2019
Month8
Day1
Volume Number255
PublisherElsevier
Pages41 - 49
ISSN0165-0327
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsHong Kong, suicide prediction, Google Trends, media reporting, suicide news, early warning system

Last updated on 2020-26-11 at 02:44