Narcissistic Adolescents' Attention-Seeking Following Social Rejection: Links with Social Media Disclosure, Problematic Social Media Use, and Smartphone Stress
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AbstractIn line with a Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model of narcissism (Morf & Rhodewalt, 2001), the present study adopted a motivated self-construction perspective to examine longitudinal associations from adolescent narcissism to youth's social media disclosures, problematic social media use, and smartphone stress, respectively. Adolescents' attention-seeking motives were examined as a mediator of these over-time associations. In line with this model's account of self-image failure, we also expected that narcissistic youth's attention-seeking should increase following experiences of ego threat, such as social rejection. These hypotheses were tested with two waves of self-report data, spaced one year apart, among 307 adolescents aged 12–15 at T1 (Mage=12.87, SD=0.75). In line with predictions, earlier adolescent narcissism predicted later social media disclosure, problematic use, and smartphone stress, via increased attention-seeking. Furthermore, a significant interaction between narcissism and perceived social rejection at T1 predicted adolescents' outcomes at T2, via attention-seeking; Participants with a combination of higher narcissism and higher rejection at T1 reported higher levels of attention-seeking at T2. These longitudinal results suggest that narcissistic adolescents' attention-seeking on social media, particularly as a way to recover from social rejection, might backfire and ultimately contribute to an ongoing pattern of self-defeating behavior.
Acceptance Date23/10/2018
All Author(s) ListSkyler T. HAWK, Regina J.J.M. VAN DEN EIJNDEN, Caspar J. VAN LISSA, Tom F.M. TER BOGT
Journal nameComputers in Human Behavior
Year2019
Month3
Volume Number92
PublisherElsevier
Pages65 - 75
ISSN0747-5632
eISSN1873-7692
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsNarcissism, Attention-seeking, Social rejection, Social media disclosure, Problematic social media use, Smartphone stress

Last updated on 2021-12-01 at 01:08