Demarcating the membrane damage for the extraction of functional mitochondria
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AbstractDefective mitochondria have been linked to several critical human diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders, cancers and cardiovascular disease. However, the detailed characterization of mitochondria has remained relatively unexplored, largely due to the lack of effective extraction methods that may sufficiently retain the functionality of mitochondria, particularly when limited amount of sample is considered. In this study, we explore the possibility of modulating hydrodynamic stress through a cross-junction geometry at microscale to selectively disrupt the cellular membrane while mitochondrial membrane is secured. The operational conditions are empirically optimized to effectively shred the cell membranes while keeping mitochondria intact for the model mammalian cell lines, namely human embryonic kidney cells, mouse muscle cells and neuroblastoma cells. Unsurprisingly, the disruption of cell membranes with higher elastic moduli (neuroblastoma) requires elevated stress. This study also presents a comparative analysis of total protein yield and concentrations of extracted functional mitochondria with two commercially available mitochondria extraction approaches, the Dounce Homogenizer and the Qproteome® Mitochondria Isolation Kit, in a range of cell concentrations. Our findings show that the proposed “microscale cell shredder” yields at least 40% more functional mitochondria than the two other approaches and is able to preserve the morphological integrity of extracted mitochondria, particularly at low cell concentrations (5–20 × 104 cells/mL). Characterized by its capability of rapidly processing a limited quantity of samples (200 μL), demarcating the membrane damage through the proposed microscale cell shredder represents a novel strategy to extract subcellular organelles from clinical samples.
All Author(s) ListRahman MH, Xiao QR, Zhao SR, Qu FY, Chang C, Wei AC, Ho YP
Journal nameMICROSYSTEMS & NANOENGINEERING
Year2018
Month12
Volume Number4
Issue Number1
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Article number39
ISSN2055-7434
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesNanoscience & Nanotechnology;Instruments & Instrumentation;Science & Technology - Other Topics;Instruments & Instrumentation

Last updated on 2020-25-10 at 03:18