Advanced liver fibrosis but not steatosis is independently associated with albuminuria in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes
Publication in refereed journal

替代計量分析
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其它資訊
摘要Background & Aims:
Increasing evidence suggests that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Given the high prevalence of NAFLD among patients with diabetes who are also at risk of CKD, we aimed to investigate the association between NAFLD and albuminuria, a marker commonly found in diabetic nephropathy.
Methods:
This study included a cohort of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes from the Hong Kong Diabetes Registry recruited between March 2013 and May 2014. Liver stiffness measurement (LSM), with probe-specific cut-offs, was used to detect advanced liver fibrosis. While controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) was used to assess liver steatosis using transient elastography.
Results:
A total of 1,763 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited in this analysis. The mean (standard deviation) age and duration of diabetes were 60.7 (11.5) years and 10.8 (8.5) years, respectively. The prevalence of albuminuria was higher in diabetic patients with liver steatosis and those with advanced fibrosis (no NAFLD vs. liver steatosis vs. advanced fibrosis: 41.4% vs. 46.2% vs. 64.2%, p <0.001). After adjustment for potential confounders including glycated hemoglobin, hypertension and body mass index, advanced fibrosis, but not liver steatosis, was associated with increased risk of albuminuria (odds ratio [OR] 1.52; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02–2.28; p = 0.039) in patients with eGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2. The odds of albuminuria increased with greater severity of liver fibrosis in a dose dependent manner, with the highest odds observed in patients with LSM scores ≥11.5 kPa assessed by M probe or ≥11.0 kPa assessed by XL probe (adjusted OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.07–2.20; p = 0.021).
Conclusions:
Advanced liver fibrosis, but not steatosis, is independently associated with albuminuria in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes. Attention should be paid to liver fibrosis in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes complicated with albuminuria.
Lay summary:
In this study, we assessed the link between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and albuminuria in a cohort of 1,763 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes. This study shows that advanced liver fibrosis, a severe form of NAFLD, was independently associated with increased risk of albuminuria. The risk of albuminuria increased with greater severity of liver fibrosis.
著者Yeung MW, Wong GL, Choi KC, Luk AO, Kwok R, Shu SS, Chan AW, Lau ESH, Ma RCW, Chan HL, Chan JC, Wong VW, Kong AP
期刊名稱Journal of Hepatology
出版年份2018
月份1
卷號68
期次1
出版社Elsevier
頁次147 - 156
國際標準期刊號0168-8278
語言英式英語

上次更新時間 2020-21-10 於 02:41