How well does the local climate zone scheme discern the thermal environment of Toulouse (France)? An analysis using numerical simulation data
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摘要To build healthy, resilient, and climate-responsive cities, planners need ways to understand the local complexities of urban thermal climates. To assist in meeting this need, this study employs the simple classification of “local climate zones” (LCZs) to conduct a spatiotemporal thermal climatic analysis of the Toulouse Met- ropolitan Region (France) under warm and dry summer conditions. Simulations are performed using the mesoscale atmospheric model Méso-NH. These simulations provide a city-wide spatial coverage of 2-m air temperature (T2M), mean radiant temperature (MRT), and Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Model parame- ters describing the urban morphology are initialized based on administrative data- bases and independent of LCZ maps, which allows for an evaluation of whether the distributions of the modelled thermal climatic parameters will differ between LCZs. The results show that different LCZs possess significantly different distribu- tions of T2M and MRT, confirming the suitability of the LCZ scheme for discern- ing the thermal environment of Toulouse. Compact urban settings (LCZ 1/2/3) show the highest T2M throughout the day and a nocturnal temperature difference of up to 2.8 K compared to rural settings. The MRT of LCZ 1/2/3 in the late after- noon (1700–2000 LST (UTC + 2)) can be as much as 6.3 K lower than it is for LCZs with open settings due to shading by dense urban structures. Additional anal- ysis reveals that the intra-LCZ variabilities of T2M and MRT may be explained by the distance to the city centre. Finally, the thermal stress in different LCZs is assessed with the modelled UTCI. Among the built LCZs, the probability of strong heat stress is the highest for open high/mid-rise (LCZ 4/5) and lowest for sparsely built (LCZ 9) and open low-rise (LCZ 6) settings. For land cover type LCZs, dense trees (LCZ A) are the most favourable for daytime outdoor human thermal comfort.
著者Yu Ting Kwok, Robert Schoetter, Kevin Ka‐Lun Lau, Julia Hidalgo, Chao Ren, Grégoire Pigeon, Valéry Masson
期刊名稱International Journal of Climatology
出版年份2019
月份11
卷號39
期次14
出版社Wiley
頁次5292 - 5315
國際標準期刊號0899-8418
語言美式英語
關鍵詞heat stress, local climate zones, numerical model simulation, universal thermal climate index (UTCI), urban climate analysis, urban thermal environment

上次更新時間 2021-10-01 於 02:10