Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Morphological Change of Paraspinal Muscles in Girls with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
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Officially Accepted for Publication


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AbstractStudy Design. A cross-sectional study.

Objective. To investigate and compare any morphological differences in paraspinal muscles (PSM) between Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients (with severe or non-severe curves) and healthy controls.

Summary of Background Data. Several studies have reported abnormalities in biochemical, electromyographic activity and histological changes of PSM in AIS. However, these studies only had qualitative data and without comparison with controls. Changes of muscle mass and mean density at the lumbar region have been described for scoliotic spines. All these findings suggested that imbalance of PSM in AIS could be a contributing factor to the development of severe scoliotic curve.

Methods. T2-weighted MR images with multi-planar reconstruction were acquired in 41 Chinese AIS girls with a primary right-sided thoracic curve and 23 age-matched controls. In AIS, measurements of PSM were taken on both concavity and convexity of scoliosis starting from two vertebrae above and two below the apex. Morphological assessments of the multifidus (MF) and erector spinae (ES) muscles on both sides were made including signal intensity (SI) and fat deposition using manual tracing and thresholding technique, respectively. Same parameters were measured in controls at matched vertebrae. One-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results. Abnormalities were found at concavity of muscles between AIS and controls. Significantly higher SI and fatty components was observed in AIS at MF muscles on concavity than controls (P-value < 0.001). Additionally, SI at MF muscles was significantly correlated with Cobb angle.

Conclusions. Increased SI and fatty components are asymmetrically present in PSM at apex in AIS. Our results showed higher intensity in PSM at concavity in AIS when compared with controls. There was a significant linear correlation between abnormal muscle signal and scoliotic curve. Above features are suggestive of altered muscle composition in concave PSM, possibly due to prolonged compression and reduced muscle activity of PSM caused by the spinal deformity.

Level of Evidence: 4
Acceptance Date28/03/2019
All Author(s) ListKwong Hang Yeung, Gene Chi Wai Man, Lin Shi, Steve Cheuk Ngai Hui, Chileka Chiyanika, Tsz Ping Lam, Bobby Kin Wah Ng, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Winnie Chiu Wing Chu
Journal nameSpine
Year2019
ISSN0362-2436
eISSN1528-1159
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-29-09 at 01:46