Moxibustion for alleviating side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in people with cancer
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AbstractMoxibustion, a common treatment in traditional Chinese medicine, involves burning herbal preparations containing Artemisia vulgaris on or above the skin at acupuncture points. Its intended effect is to enhance body function, and it could reduce the side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy and improve quality of life (QoL) in people with cancer.\nTo assess the effects of moxibustion for alleviating side effects associated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or both in people with cancer.\nWe searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via Ovid, Embase via Ovid and AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database) from their inception to February 2018. We also searched databases in China including the Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese Medical Current Contents (CMCC), TCMonline, Chinese Dissertation Database (CDDB), China Medical Academic Conference (CMAC) and Index to Chinese Periodical Literature from inception to August 2017. Registries for clinical trials and other resources were also searched.\nWe included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing moxibustion treatment, including moxa cone and moxa stick, versus sham, no treatment or conventional treatment.\nTwo review authors (HWZ and FC) independently extracted data on study design, participants, treatment and control intervention, and outcome measures, and they also assessed risk of bias in the included studies. We performed meta-analyses, expressing dichotomous outcomes as risk ratios (RR) and continuous outcomes as mean differences (MD), with 95% confidence intervals (CI).\n/L; 95% CI -16.00 to 42.95; 2 studies, 142 participants; I² = 34%).Most included studies did not report related adverse events, such as burning or allergic reactions.\nLimited, low-certainty evidence suggests that moxibustion treatment may help to reduce the haematological and gastrointestinal toxicities of chemotherapy or radiotherapy, improving QoL in people with cancer; however, the evidence is not conclusive, and we cannot rule out benefits or risks with this treatment. High-quality studies that report adverse effects are needed.\nBACKGROUND\nOBJECTIVES\nSEARCH METHODS\nSELECTION CRITERIA\nDATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS\nMAIN RESULTS\nAUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS
All Author(s) ListZhang HW, Lin ZX, Cheung F, Cho WC, Tang JL.
Journal nameThe Cochrane database of systematic reviews
Year2018
Month11
Day13
Volume Number11
Article numberCD010559
ISSN1361-6137
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

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