Effect of cultural background and healthcare environment on postoperative opioid requirement
Publication in refereed journal

替代計量分析
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其它資訊
摘要Purpose
The objective of this prospective observational study was to investigate the interactions between cultural background, healthcare environment, and postoperative pain experience.

Methods
We enrolled 128 Chinese patients living in rural mainland China and 134 patients in Hong Kong with a higher level of Western cultural influences (defined by educational attainment, place of residence, and ability to understand English). All patients had major abdominal surgery and received patient-controlled analgesia with intravenous morphine for postoperative pain relief. The primary endpoint was total opioid requirement up to 48 hr after surgery. Other measures included pain intensity, opioid-related side effects, and genetic markers for opioid responsiveness.

Results
The mean (95% confidence interval) cumulative opioid requirement, expressed as morphine equivalent, during the first 48 hr after surgery was significantly less in patients from mainland China (18.8 [15.7 to 22] mg) compared with patients from Hong Kong (42.0 [38.3 to 45.6] mg, P < 0.0001). In a multivariable analysis, opioid requirement was influenced by ethnicity, duration of surgery, and severity of pain upon admission to the postanesthetic care unit.

Conclusions
These results suggest that postoperative pain behaviours and opioid requirement may be influenced by cultural background and healthcare environment in two populations of Chinese descent.
著者Konstantatos AH, Zhong T, Paul E, Tsang S, Tian S, Liu M, Liang Y, Tian Y, Qiao S, Wu WKK, Chan MTV
期刊名稱Canadian Journal of Anesthesia / Journal canadien d'anesthésie
出版年份2019
月份3
卷號66
期次3
出版社Springer Link
頁次309 - 317
國際標準期刊號0832-610X
電子國際標準期刊號1496-8975
語言英式英語

上次更新時間 2020-18-09 於 03:08