The differentiation of viral and non-viral wheeze in the hospitalized children by the evaluation of immune signatures in the nasopharyngeal aspirate
Invited conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


Full Text

Other information
AbstractRespiratory infection is the most common reason for hospitalization in children and most of the respiratory tract infections are of viral origin. Viral wheeze is very common in infant and young children and most of them outgrow the problem, while some would have persistent wheeze with different intensities. Aeroallergens and environmental stresses would also trigger wheezing.

In this prospective study, we obtained 200 nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) samples from subjects aged 0 – 8 years old with respiratory symptoms who were admitted to the Prince of Wales Hospital. The supernatant of the NPA would be used for protein level (CXCL11 and CXCL10) measurement, while the cell pellet would be spun down and the gene expression (CXCL10, IFIT2, OASL) would be quantified using qPCR. These parameters would serve as the host signatures to identify patients with viral, non-viral or no infection, based on the reported threshold. At the same time, the microbial detection result from the hospital microbiology laboratory would be used to compare with the result generated from the host signatures, in terms of sensitivity, specificity and evaluate based on ROC curve.

This project would validate if these host signatures could serve equally well to predict the nature of infection in the local population. The result would assist the differentiation of viral and non-viral wheeze in a particular episode with laboratory evidence and assist in the patient care.
All Author(s) ListJoseph GS TSUN, Kate CC CHAN, Kin Pong TAO, Louisa LY CHAN, Jason CS PUN, Paul KS CHAN, Maggie HT WANG, TF LEUNG, Gary WK WONG, Renee WY CHAN.
Name of Conference68th Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Allergology (JSA)
Start Date of Conference14/06/2019
End Date of Conference16/06/2019
Place of ConferenceTokyo
Country/Region of ConferenceJapan
Year2019
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2019-10-12 at 11:08