Retirement Attitude Drives Long-Term Effect of Retirement Preparation on Psychological Health of Chinese Retirees
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings

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AbstractRecent findings on preparation for retirement found its positive impact on psychological health of retirees (Yeung, 2013; Yeung & Zhou, 2017). Yet, individual attributes, such as retirement attitude, received less attention when investigating the mechanism of long-term effect of retirement preparation on psychological health.

Attitude on aging and retirement significantly influences well-being and longevity of older adults (Lakra et al., 2012; Low et al., 2013; Ng et al., 2016). Retirement attitude, on the other hand, is affected by how prepared individuals are for retirement (Reitzes & Mutran, 2004). Reasoning from previous findings, we posit retirement attitude may explain the relationship between retirement preparation and long-term psychological health after retirement.

A three-wave longitudinal study was conducted in a sample of 130 Hong Kong Chinese retirees (mean age=58.48, SD=3.44; 58.5% males). Data were collected 6 months prior to retirement (T1), and 6 and 12 months (T2 and T3) after retirement. We measured their pre-retirement preparation, retirement attitude, and psychological health. Consistent with our prediction, there is a significant indirect effect of T1 retirement planning on T3 psychological well-being (B = .007, SE = .004, [.001, .015]), life satisfaction (B = .023, SE = .011, [.005, .049]), and psychological distress (B = -.009, SE = .004, [-.017, -.002]) through T2 retirement attitude. These results remain significant even after controlling for age, gender, and the respective well-being variable and retirement attitude at T1. These findings reveal the role of retirement attitude in post-retirement adjustment. Implications for public health and policy making are further discussed.
All Author(s) ListMichael C.H. Chan, Dannii Y. Yeung
Name of ConferenceGerontological Society of America 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting
Start Date of Conference14/11/2018
End Date of Conference18/11/2018
Place of ConferenceBoston, MA
Country/Region of ConferenceUnited States of America
Proceedings TitleInnovation in Aging
Volume Number2
Issue NumberSupp 1
PublisherOxford University Press
Pages995 - 995
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsRetirement, Mental Health

Last updated on 2021-09-01 at 00:13