Pediatric auditory brainstem implantation: Impact on audiological rehabilitation and tonal language development
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AbstractObjective: This is a retrospective review of the impact of an Auditory Brainstem Implant (ABI) on the audiological rehabilitation and tonal language development of pediatric patients with prelingual profound deafness in Hong Kong. Results: From January 2009 to February 2015, 11 pediatric patients with profound prelingual deafness received an ABI in Hong Kong (age range 1.67–3.75 years). Etiologies included Cochlear Nerve Deficiency in 7, Severe Cochlear Malformations in 2, and Retrocochlear Deafness in 2. All of them were rehabilitated in Cantonese, a dialect of Chinese. Standard pediatric cochlear implant outcome measurements were used in this study that comprised of the 7-Sound Detection, Syllable Identification, Vowel Identification, Consonant Identification, Tone Imitation, Tone Production and Speech Perception Category. Audiological rehabilitation and speech development outcomes were reviewed. Age-matched outcomes of pediatric cochlear implant users were used for comparisons. Conclusion: Encouraging results of speech development were found, especially with continued use of the ABI. There was considerable variation in outcomes. Children with coexisting developmental and nonauditory cognitive disabilities did not perform as well. Auditory brainstem implantation is a safe and beneficial treatment for profound prelingual deafness in Cantonese-speaking pediatric patients.
Acceptance Date06/07/2018
All Author(s) ListJohn KK Sung, Betty PK Luk, Terence KC Wong, JF Thong, HT Wong, Michael CF Tong
Journal nameAudiology and Neurotology
Year2018
Month10
Volume Number23
Issue Number2
PublisherKarger Publishers
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
Pages126 - 134
ISSN1420-3030
eISSN1421-9700
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsauditory brainstem implant, cochlear implant, pediatric, children, deafness, hearing loss, auditory rehabilitation, speech development, tonal language and speech perception category

Last updated on 2020-10-08 at 02:38