Acceptability of the WHO “Best Buys” and perceived effects on own drinking among Hong Kong adults: a population-based study
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摘要Background: To counter the public health costs of excessive alcohol use, the WHO has outlined a set of “Best Buys” alcohol harms reduction strategies, including increased taxation, alcohol availability restriction, and comprehensive advertisement bans. Hong Kong, where few alcohol regulations are in place, has recently experienced increasing drinking rates and alcohol-related problems. This study aims to examine public acceptability of the WHO “Best Buys” and perceived effects on drinking levels among Hong Kong residents and by population subgroups. Methods: An anonymous, cross-sectional telephone survey was conducted on a random sample of 3790 Hong Kong Chinese residents aged 18-74 from January to April, 2018. Acceptability of strategies was assessed by the percentages of respondents endorsing the various "Best Buy" strategies while perceived drinking effects were examined by the proportion of drinkers who believed that the strategy would reduce their own drinking levels. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify sociodemographic and drinkingrelated factors associated with endorsement of strategies. Results: The majority of respondents were supportive of: checking ID for retail purchases of alcohol (84.7%), moderate beer and wine taxes (74.4%), and restrictions on time of retail alcohol sales (56.5%). Bans on alcohol sponsorships (20.6%) and restrictions on public drinking event (20.8%) were the least supported interventions. Non-drinkers (OR 1.25-2.33), women (OR 1.36-1.60), and older people (OR 1.66-2.53) were significantly more supportive of most WHO “Best Buys” strategies (p<0.05). Requesting ID upon purchase (43.3%) and restricting alcohol availability (28.7%) were perceived to be most effective in reducing own drinking levels among binge drinkers. Conclusions: As potential alcohol harms reduction policies, the Hong Kong government may consider prioritizing ID request upon purchase, moderate taxation, and restriction on alcohol sale times. To better inform policy-making, future qualitative studies may further explore the complex relationships between public attitudes, perceived effectiveness and policy support.
著者Irene J.Z. Yu, Timothy Sumerlin, Roger Y. Chung, Jin-Ling Tang, Jean H. Kim
會議名稱Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium of Public Health Conference 2018 (APACPH2018)
會議開始日12.09.2018
會議完結日14.09.2018
會議地點Kota Kinabalu
會議國家/地區馬來西亞
出版年份2018
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Alcohol, Policy, Attitudes, Public perceptions, Hong Kong

上次更新時間 2018-26-10 於 17:44