Instrumental goals moderate age-related positivity effect: Evidence from an eye-tracking study
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings



摘要Previous literature has found age-related changes in cognition. As people age, they show an increased preference for processing positively-valenced stimuli over negatively-valenced stimuli (known as the age-related positivity effect, Carstensen & Mikels, 2005; Charles, Mather, & Carstensen, 2003). Nevertheless, a theory on the instrumental approach of emotion argues that individuals are motivated to regulate their emotions not only by hedonic goals (i.e. the desire to feel good), but also by instrumental goals (i.e. the desire to use the emotion to perform a certain behavior). In the current study, we aimed at applying the theory and methodology of the instrumental approach of emotion to study the age-related positivity effect under different situations (i.e. interpersonal confrontation, interpersonal collaboration). 239 younger adults (aged 17-35, M = 20.05) and 170 older adults (aged 60-85, M = 66.31) from Hong Kong were recruited and eye-tracking technology was used to record participants’ visual attention towards different emotional faces. Consisting with the age-related positivity effect, findings revealed that overall, older adults showed more attention towards happy faces over angry faces compared to younger adults (p = .013). In addition, this age difference in the preference for happy over angry faces was moderated by interpersonal situation (p = .052), such that the age difference was only found in collaborative situation but not in confrontation and control situation. In confrontation and control situation, both younger and older adults paid the same attention to angry and happy faces.
著者Tinky Oi Ting Ho, Helene Hoi-Lam Fung
會議名稱25th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (ISSBD)
會議地點Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

上次更新時間 2018-12-12 於 10:49