淺談手語基本語序研究方法 (A Brief Note on the Methodological Issues in Investigating Sign Language Basic Constituent Orders)
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Abstract本文探討手語基本語序的研究方法。在有聲語言文獻中,找出基本語序有三個辦法:一)找出語用上最少語境或篇章預設的句子作為基本語序;二)假定基本語序為沒有複雜動詞和名詞結構的簡單主動直述句;三)同時有顯性主語和賓語的及物動詞短句最常見的語序,以此定為基本語序,本文指出第三種方法最適用於手語。手語為視覺空間的語言,有不少動詞形態、空間使用及角色轉換等均會影響表面語序,過往也有研究指出主語賓語指稱對象語意上能否對調會影響語序,研究人員在設計圖畫進行誘導實驗或分析自由對話數據的時候必須考慮這些因素。

This paper discusses several methodological issues in studying basic constituent order in sign languages. In spoken language literature, there are three possible strategies in finding out the basic constituent order of a language: 1) assuming that the basic order is represented by the simple declarative clauses with no complex verbs or noun phrases; 2) assuming that the basic order is the least pragmatically marked order which presupposes the least discourse information; and 3) assuming that the basic order is statistically the most frequent order in transitive clauses with an overt subject, an overt object and a verb. We point out that the third method is most suitable for sign language research. Sign languages are visual-spatial languages. Surface word order may be affected by verbal morphology, use of space and role shifts. Previous studies also suggest that the semantic reversibility of the subject and object referents may also be a possible factor. Sign language researchers need to take all these factors into consideration when designing picture elicitation tasks and analyzing free conversation data.
All Author(s) ListFelix Sze
Journal nameModern Linguistics
Year2018
Month2
Volume Number6
Issue Number1
Publisher漢斯出版社 = Hans Publishers
Pages113 - 123
ISSN2330-1708
eISSN2330-1716
LanguagesChinese-Simplified

Last updated on 2020-20-05 at 02:47