Satellite-based high-resolution PM2.5 estimation over the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region of China using an improved geographically and temporally weighted regression model
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Ground fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations at high spatial resolution are substantially required for determining the population exposure to PM2.5 over densely populated urban areas. However, most studies for China have generated PM2.5 estimations at a coarse resolution (≥10 km) due to the limitation of satellite aerosol optical depth (AOD) product in spatial resolution. In this study, the 3 km AOD data fused using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Collection 6 AOD products were employed to estimate the ground PM2.5 concentrations over the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region of China from January 2013 to December 2015. An improved geographically and temporally weighted regression (iGTWR) model incorporating seasonal characteristics within the data was developed, which achieved comparable performance to the standard GTWR model for the days with paired PM2.5- AOD samples (Cross-validation (CV) R2 = 0.82) and showed better predictive power for the days without PM2.5- AOD pairs (the R2 increased from 0.24 to 0.46 in CV). Both iGTWR and GTWR (CV R2 = 0.84) significantly outperformed the daily geographically weighted regression model (CV R2 = 0.66). Also, the fused 3 km AODs improved data availability and presented more spatial gradients, thereby enhancing model performance compared with the MODIS original 3/10 km AOD product. As a result, ground PM2.5 concentrations at higher resolution were well represented, allowing, e.g., short-term pollution events and long-term PM2.5 trend to be identified, which, in turn, indicated that concerns about air pollution in the BTH region are justified despite its decreasing trend from 2013 to 2015.
著者He Qingqing, Huang Bo
期刊名稱Environmental Pollution
頁次1027 - 1037

上次更新時間 2020-07-08 於 01:43