A comparison of health related fitness variables between youths in Singapore and Hong Kong
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings

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AbstractPhysical fitness encompasses health-related fitness (HRF) variables which may reduce cardiovascular risk factors if identified early in youths.
PURPOSE: To compare HRF variables between youths in Singapore (SGP) and Hong Kong (HK).
METHODS: A total of 1559 youths from SGP (age: 13.49 ± 1.21 years, height: 159.76 ± 8.94 cm, weight: 51.91 ± 13.38 kg, Body Fat (BF) %: 21.51 ± 10.25 %) and 1530 youths from HK (age: 13.51 ± 0.98 years, height: 160.69 ± 8.40 cm, weight: 52.20 ± 12.43 kg, BF%: 21.16 ± 9.99 %) participated in this study. Body Mass Index (BMI) and BF% were measured by bio-electric impedance analysis. Cardiovascular fitness, lower limb flexibility, arm strength, abdominal endurance were tested using the 15m youth Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run test (PACER), one-legged sit-and-reach test for both legs (SRT), handgrip strength test for both hands (HS), and 1-minute sit-up test (SUT) respectively.
RESULTS: Using the Independent T-Test, significant differences were found between SGP and HK youths for height (SGP: 159.76 ± 8.94 cm, HK: 160.69 ± 8.40 cm, p < 0.0005), SRT (SGP: 54.14 ± 10.15 cm, HK: 49.59 ± 12.04 cm, p < 0.0005), HS (SGP: 25.18 ± 7.77 kg, HK: 26.01 ± 6.96 kg, p = 0.002), SUT (SGP: 38.94 ± 11.92, HK: 30.56 ± 10.14, p < 0.0005) and PACER (SGP: 40.93 ± 23.90 laps, HK: 35.49 ± 18.44 laps, p < 0.0005). There were no significant differences in weight, BMI, and BF% between youths in both countries, with low obesity rates in both countries (SGP: 12.7%, HK: 10.32%).
CONCLUSION: Results indicated similar body composition results in both countries. SGP youths had lesser arm strength as compared to HK youths. However, SGP youths had higher abdominal endurance, better flexibility and were more aerobically fit as compared to HK youths. Both SGP and HK youths need to maintain their physical activities to improve their cardiovascular fitness as this will help to reduce cardiovascular diseases in youths in the future.
Acceptance Date07/02/2018
All Author(s) ListYew Cheo Ng, Govindasamy Balasekaran, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Visvasuresh Victor Govindaswamy, Jolene Lim, Peggy Boey
Name of ConferenceACSM's 65th Annual Meeting & 9th World Congress on Exercise is Medicine
Start Date of Conference29/05/2018
End Date of Conference02/06/2018
Place of ConferenceMinneapolis, Minnesota
Country/Region of ConferenceUnited States of America
Proceedings TitleMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Volume Number50
Issue NumberSupplement 5
PublisherWolters Kluwer
Place of PublicationThe United State of America
Pages529 - 529
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsHealth fitness, Cardiovascular risk factors, Youths, Singapore, Hong Kong

Last updated on 2021-12-09 at 00:41