A comparison of health related fitness variables between the youths in Singapore and Bangkok
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings

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AbstractObesity is identified as a worldwide issue and thus assessing health related components of physical fitness in youths may help in identifying risk factors associated with obesity.
PURPOSE: To compare fitness variables between the youths of Singapore (SGP) and Bangkok (BKK).
METHODS: A sample of 1559 (Age: 13.49 ± 1.21 yrs; Height: 159.76 ± 8.94 cm; Weight: 51.91 ± 13.38 kg) youths from SGP and 1098 (Age: 13.95 ± 0.85 yrs; Height: 158.88 ± 7.98 cm; Weight: 53.01 ± 14.13 kg) youths from BKK were recruited for this study. Body composition was measured using a bio-impedance analysis (BIA) machine. A one-legged sit-and-reach test for both legs (SRT), handgrip strength test for both hands (HST), sit-up test (SUT), and 15m youth Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) test was conducted to measure flexibility, arm strength, abdominal endurance, and cardiorespiratory endurance respectively.
RESULTS: There was a significant difference in body composition between the youths in SGP and BKK, as indicated by their body mass index (SGP: 20.19 ± 4.21 kg.m-2, BKK: 20.85 ± 4.64 kg.m-2, p < 0.0005) and body fat percentage (SGP: 21.51 ± 10.25 %, BKK: 23.43 ± 11.23 %, p < 0.0005). Significant differences were found between the youths of both countries for SRT for both legs (SGP: 108.27 ± 20.31 cm, BKK: 103.59 ± 18.25 cm, p < 0.0005), HST for both hands (SGP: 50.32 ± 15.53 kg, BKK: 52.20 ± 12.72 kg, p = 0.001), SUT (SGP: 38.94 ± 11.92, BKK: 27.19 ± 9.72, p < 0.0005), and PACER (SGP: 40.93 ± 23.90 laps, BKK: 30.37 ± 16.26 laps, p < 0.0005).
CONCLUSIONS: The youths of SGP had lower body composition, were more flexible, had higher abdominal endurance, and were more aerobically fit compared to the youths of BKK. This indicated a lower risk of obesity and cardiovascular risk in SGP youths as compared to BKK. More research is needed to identify the reasons for these differences which may help youths to continue participating in high levels of physical activity and exercise to reduce cardiovascular risks.
Acceptance Date07/02/2017
All Author(s) ListGovindasamy Balasekaran, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Kallaya Kijboonchoo, Visvasuresh Victor Govindaswamy, Jolene Lim, Ng Yew Cheo, Peggy Boey
Name of ConferenceACSM's 65th Annual Meeting & 9th World Congress on Exercise is Medicine
Start Date of Conference29/05/2018
End Date of Conference02/06/2018
Place of ConferenceMinneapolis, Minnesota
Country/Region of ConferenceUnited States of America
Proceedings TitleMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Volume Number50
Issue NumberSupplement 5
PublisherWolters Kluwer
Place of PublicationThe United State of America
Pages530 - 530
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsObesity, Youths, Singapore, Bangkok

Last updated on 2021-12-09 at 00:41