Migration, Homeownership and Living Arrangement: Survey Result from Guangzhou and Shenzhen
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AbstractGuangzhou and Shenzhen have been the major destinations in the Pearl River Delta in accommodating young and mobile people from all over China. Migrants count for 36.6% of the total population in Guangzhou and 62.8% in Shenzhen, and among these migrants, more than half are within the 20-35 age range (Yu & Chen, 2016). Migrants (with a non- local household registration status/hukou) in Guangzhou and Shenzhen take up around half of the migrant population in Guangdong province. The two cities initiated various measures to attract the external talents, and both cities welcome migrants with high skills and degrees with favorable settlement policies. This makes Guangzhou and Shenzhen the ideal places to study the migration experiences of the young and mobile people as well as for the “floating” couples. Being “floating” means they are on the move for the sake of their individual and family wellbeing, career development and self-fulfillment, and they may face fluid forms of housing ownership and living arrangement. The “floating” characteristic mirrors the modern and uncertain lifestyles that they embrace. Using an online survey with young people (age 20-35) conducted in the two cities, the study examines the factors that help to shape housing ownership and living arrangements. Compared with locals, both rural-to-urban and urban-to-urban migrants are less likely to live in their own housing properties, and living in urban areas suggests a higher likelihood of homeownership compared with living in urban villages. The two migration patterns (rural-to-urban and urban-to-urban) have different impacts on the chances of living in their own housing units or that of their parents (or in-laws). Individual income is positively related with living in one’s own housing units and negatively related with living in that of their parents, and their political capital has no significant impact. However, the parent’s political capital is positively related with the chances of living in one’s own housing units and that of living in their parents’ housing units. The findings suggest that housing tenures have been shaped not only by individual migration experiences but also institutional arrangements that are generation-specific.
All Author(s) ListJing Song, Weiwen Lai
Name of ConferenceInternational Conference on Polarisation, Fragmentation and Resilience: Four Urban Contexts Compared
Start Date of Conference29/11/2017
End Date of Conference01/12/2017
Place of ConferenceHong Kong Baptist University
Country/Region of ConferenceHong Kong
Year2017
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2018-16-10 at 16:35