Aspects of Multicomponent Integrated Care Promote Sustained Improvement in Surrogate Clinical Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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AbstractOBJECTIVE
The implementation of the Chronic Care Model (CCM) improves health care quality. We examined the sustained effectiveness of multicomponent integrated care in type 2 diabetes.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
We searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE (January 2000-August 2016) and identified randomized controlled trials comprising two or more quality improvement strategies from two or more domains (health system, health care providers, or patients) lasting >= 12 months with one or more clinical outcomes. Two reviewers extracted data and appraised the reporting quality.
RESULTS
In a meta-analysis of 181 trials (N = 135,112), random-effects modeling revealed pooled mean differences in HbA(1c) of -0.28%(95% CI-0.35 to -0.21) (-3.1mmol/mol [-3.9 to -2.3]), in systolic blood pressure (SBP) of -2.3 mmHg (-3.1 to -1.4), in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of -1.1 mmHg (-1.5 to -0.6), and in LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) of -0.14 mmol/L (-0.21 to -0.07), with greater effects in patients with LDL-C >= 3.4 mmol/L (-0.31 vs. -0.10 mmol/L for <3.4 mmol/L; P-difference = 0.013), studies from Asia (HbA(1c) -0.51% vs. -0.23% for North America [-5.5 vs. -2.5 mmol/mol]; P-difference = 0.046), and studies lasting >12 months (SBP -3.4 vs. -1.4 mmHg, P-difference = 0.034; DBP -1.7 vs. -0.7 mmHg, P-difference = 0.047; LDL-C -0.21 vs. -0.07 mmol/L for 12-month studies, P-difference = 0.049). Patients with median age <60 years had greater HbA(1c) reduction (-0.35% vs. -0.18% for 60 years[-3.8 vs. -2.0 mmol/mol]; P-difference = 0.029). Team change, patient education/self-management, and improved patient-provider communication had the largest effect sizes (0.28-0.36% [3.0-3.9 mmol/mol]).
CONCLUSIONS
Despite the small effect size of multicomponent integrated care (in part attenuated by good background care), team-based care with better information flow may improve patient-provider communication and self-management in patients who are young, with suboptimal control, and in low-resource settings.
Acceptance Date05/03/2018
All Author(s) ListLim LL, Lau ESH, Kong APS, Davies MJ, Levitt NS, Eliasson B, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Ning G, Seino Y, So WY, McGill M, Ogle GD, Orchard TJ, Clarke P, Holman RR, Gregg EW, Gagliardino JJ, Chan JCN
Journal nameDiabetes Care
Year2018
Month6
Day1
Volume Number41
Issue Number6
Pages1312 - 1320
ISSN0149-5992
eISSN1935-5548
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2020-16-09 at 03:29