What Is the Future of Impedance Planimetry in Gastroenterology?
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AbstractThe gastrointestinal (GI) tract is efficient in transporting ingested material to the site of delivery in healthy subjects. A fine balance exists between peristaltic forces, the mixing and delivery of the contents, and sensory signaling. This fine balance is easily disturbed by diseases. It is mandatory to understand the pathophysiology to enhance our understanding of GI disorders. The inaccessibility and complex nervous innervation, geometry and mechanical function of the GI tract make mechanosensory evaluation difficult. Impedance planimetry is a distension technology that assesses luminal geometry, mechanical properties including muscle dynamics, and processing of nociceptive signals from the GI tract. Since standardized models do not exist for GI muscle function in vivo, models, concepts, and terminology must be borrowed from other medical fields such as cardiac mechanophysiology. The review highlights the impedance planimetric technology, muscle dynamics assessment, and 3 applied technologies of impedance planimetry. These technologies are the multimodal probes that assesses sensory function, the functional luminal imaging probe that dynamically measures the geometry of the lumen it distends, and Fecobionics that is a simulated feces providing high-resolution measurements during defecation. The advanced muscle analysis and 3 applied technologies can enhance the quality of future interdisciplinary research for gaining more knowledge about mechanical function, sensory-motor disorders, and symptoms. This is a step in the direction of individualized treatment for GI disorders based on diagnostic subtyping. There seems to be no better alternatives to impedance planimetry, but only the functional luminal imaging probe is currently commercially available. Wider use depends on commercialization of the multimodal probe and Fecobionics.
Acceptance Date09/02/2018
All Author(s) ListGregersen H, Lo KM
Journal nameJournal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume Number24
Issue Number2
Pages166 - 181
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsElectric impedance, Gastrointestinal tracts, Luminal, Medical devices, Muscle Strength
Web of Science Subject CategoriesGastroenterology & Hepatology;Clinical Neurology;Gastroenterology & Hepatology;Neurosciences & Neurology

Last updated on 2020-27-03 at 04:30