Pembrolizumab (pembro) versus platinum-based chemotherapy (chemo) as first-line therapy for advanced/metastatic NSCLC with a PD-L1 tumor proportion score (TPS) ≥ 1%: Open-label, phase 3 KEYNOTE-042 study
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AbstractBackground: In KEYNOTE-024, pembro significantly improved PFS (primary end point) and OS (secondary end-point) over chemo as first-line therapy for metastatic NSCLC without targetable alterations and PD-L1 TPS ≥50%. In KEYNOTE-042, we compared pembro with chemo at the lower TPS of ≥1% (NCT02220894). Methods: Eligible patients (pts) were randomized 1:1 to ≤35 cycles of pembro 200 mg Q3W or investigator’s choice of ≤6 cycles of paclitaxel + carboplatin or pemetrexed (peme) + carboplatin with optional peme maintenance (nonsquamous only). Randomization was stratified by region (east Asia vs non-east Asia), ECOG PS (0 vs 1), histology (squamous vs nonsquamous), and TPS (≥50% vs 1-49%). Primary end-points were OS in pts with TPS ≥50%, ≥20%, and ≥1%. OS differences were assessed sequentially using the stratified log-rank test. Efficacy boundaries at the prespecified second interim analysis were one-sided P = .0122, .01198, and .01238, respectively. Results: 1274 pts were randomized: 637 to each arm. 599 pts (47.0%) had TPS ≥50%, 818 (64.2%) had TPS ≥20%. After 12.8-mo median follow-up, 13.7% were still on pembro and 4.9% were receiving peme maintenance. Pembro significantly improved OS in pts with TPS ≥50% (HR 0.69), TPS ≥20% (HR 0.77), and TPS ≥1% (HR 0.81) (Table). Grade 3-5 drug-related AEs were less frequent with pembro (17.8% vs 41.0%). The external DMC recommended continuing the trial to evaluate PFS (secondary end-point). Conclusion: KEYNOTE-042 is the first study with a primary end-point of OS to demonstrate superiority of pembro over platinum-based chemo in pts with previously untreated advanced/metastatic NSCLC without sensitizing EGFR or ALK alterations and a PD-L1 TPS ≥1%. These data confirm and potentially extend the role of pembro monotherapy as a standard first-line treatment for PD-L1-expressing advanced/metastatic NSCLC. Clinical trial information: NCT02220894
All Author(s) ListGilberto Lopes, Yi-Long Wu, Iveta Kudaba, Dariusz Kowalski, Byoung Chul Cho, Gilberto Castro, Vichien Srimuninnimit, Igor Bondarenko, Kaoru Kubota, Gregory M. Lubiniecki, Jin Zhang, Debra A. Kush, Tony Mok
Name of ConferenceASCO Annual Meeting 2018
Start Date of Conference01/06/2018
End Date of Conference05/06/2018
Place of ConferenceChicago, IL
Country/Region of ConferenceUnited States of America
Proceedings TitleJournal of Clinical Oncology
Series TitleLung Cancer—Non-Small Cell Metastatic
Number in Seriessuppl; abstr LBA4
Volume Number36
Issue Number18 suppl
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-14-07 at 01:21