Transforming growth factor-β signalling in renal fibrosis: from Smads to non-coding RNAs
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AbstractTransforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is the key player in tissue fibrosis. However, antifibrotic therapy targeting this multifunctional protein may interfere with other physiological processes to cause side effects. Thus, precise therapeutic targets need to be identified by further understanding the underlying mechanisms of TGF-β1 signalling during fibrogenesis. Equilibrium of Smad signalling is crucial for TGF-β-mediated renal fibrosis, where Smad3 is pathogenic but Smad2 and Smad7 are protective. The activation of TGF-β1/Smad signalling triggers extracellular matrix deposition, and local myofibroblast generation and activation. Mechanistic studies have shown that TGF-β/Smad3 transits the microRNA profile from antifibrotic to profibrotic and therefore promotes renal fibrosis via regulating non-coding RNAs at transcriptional levels. More importantly, disease-specific Smad3-dependent long non-coding RNAs have been recently uncovered from mouse kidney disease models and may represent novel precision therapeutic targets for chronic kidney disease. In this review, mechanisms of TGF-β-driven renal fibrosis via non-coding RNAs and their translational capacities will be discussed in detail.
Acceptance Date08/05/2018
All Author(s) ListPatrick Ming-Kuen Tang, Ying-Ying Zhang, Thomas Shiu-Kwong Mak, Philip Chiu-Tsun Tang, Xiao-Ru Huang, Hui-Yao Lan
Journal nameJournal of Physiology
Volume Number596
Issue Number16
Pages3493 - 3503
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

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