Adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Guideline Is Associated With Better Health-Related Quality of Life Among Chinese Patients With Breast Cancer
Publication in refereed journal

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其它資訊
摘要Background:
The 2007 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guideline provides recommendations for cancer prevention among cancer survivors. Limited data have examined whether guideline adherence is related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Chinese patients with breast cancer.
Methods:
An ongoing prospective cohort study involving 1,462 Chinese women with early-stage breast cancer assessed exercise, diet, and body mass index (BMI) at baseline and at 18-months follow-up after diagnosis. Each assessment recorded patient habits within the previous 12 months. HRQoL was evaluated by the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). We first compared the level of adherence to WCRF/AICR recommendations before and after cancer diagnosis. We then examined whether adherence to these recommendations after diagnosis was associated with HRQoL at 18 months.
Results:
The mean adherence score significantly increased from baseline (3.2; SD, 1.1) to 18-month follow-up (3.9; SD, 1.1; P<.001). Overall, increasing adherence to the WCRF/AICR guideline was associated with higher scores of global health status/quality of life (QoL; Ptrend=.011), physical (Ptrend<.001) and role functioning (Ptrend=.024), and lower scores for fatigue (Ptrend=.016), nausea and vomiting (Ptrend<.001), pain (Ptrend=.004), dyspnea (Ptrend=.030), loss of appetite (Ptrend=.007), and diarrhea (Ptrend=.020). Patients with cancer who met the BMI recommendation had higher scores for physical functioning (P=.001) and lower scores for fatigue (P=.024), pain (P<.001), and dyspnea (P=.045). Adherence to physical activity recommendation was associated with better scores of global health status/QoL (P<.001), physical functioning (P=.003), fatigue (P=.002), pain (P=.018), and dyspnea (P=.021). Higher adherence to diet recommendation was associated with lower scores of nausea and vomiting (Ptrend=.005), loss of appetite (Ptrend=.026), constipation (Ptrend=.040), and diarrhea (Ptrend=.031).
Conclusions:
Chinese patients with breast cancer made positive lifestyle changes early after cancer diagnosis. Increased adherence to WCRF/AICR recommendations after cancer diagnosis may improve HRQoL. Our data suggest that Chinese patients with breast cancer should follow the WCRF/AICR guideline to improve overall well-being.
出版社接受日期21.12.2017
著者Lei YY, Ho SC, Cheng A, Kwok C, Lee CI, Cheung KL, Lee R, Loong HHF, He YQ, Yeo W
期刊名稱Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
出版年份2018
月份3
卷號16
期次3
出版社Harborside Press
出版地United States
頁次275 - 285
國際標準期刊號1540-1405
電子國際標準期刊號1540-1413
語言美式英語
關鍵詞Breast Cancer, Quality of Life

上次更新時間 2020-20-11 於 03:05