Exploring male students’ motivation towards physical education in Hong Kong secondary schools
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AbstractPurpose: Grounded in self-determination theory, this was a cross-sectional study aimed at exploring male students’ motivation in physical education (PE) lessons in Hong Kong secondary schools. Specifically, we examined the associations between three types of motivation representing different levels of relative autonomy: autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and amotivation. The purpose of this study was to identify whether existing motivational differences among three grade levels, which will assist PE teachers to design multidimensional curriculums based on the gender and grade discrepancy.

Methods: 148 secondary male students(Grade 7 to Grade 9, mean age=15.42 years, SD= 1.11 years)participated in this study. Participants self-reported their engagement motivation in PE using the Perceived Locus of Causality Questionnaire. Using one-way ANOVAs, we explored whether students from different grade levels differed in the three forms of motivation respectively.

Results: There is no significant discrepancy in autonomous motivation between male students in three grades. However, controlled motivation and amotivation demonstrated significant difference in three grades separately. Specifically, (1) Controlled motivation: F (2,147)=3.181, p< .05, in this section, Grade 8 was lower than Grade 9 as well as Grade 7. (3) Amotivation: F (2,147)=4.698, p< .05, Grade 9 was higher than Grade 7 and Grade 8.

Conclusions & Recommendations: Findings indicated that boys in Grade 8 reported the lowest controlled motivation levels and amotivation levels. Grade 9 male students, however, showed highest amotivation. Based on the above-mentioned consequence, grade difference on PE participation may be related to learning environment, teaching style, peer relationship and ego sport performance, however, is much more complex. Consequently, the following focus groups interview will be conducted in the further research for locating in-depth reasons. Moreover, this research will strengthen the call for teachers to develop diverse instructional methods and targeted curriculum design for reversing the Grade 9 male students’ amotivation and fostering autonomous motivation in PE class.
Acceptance Date13/03/2018
All Author(s) ListHe Qing Helen, Ha Sau Ching Amy, Cheung Sin Ting Juanita, Ng Johan Yau Yin
Name of ConferenceInternational Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2018 Annual Meeting
Start Date of Conference03/06/2018
End Date of Conference06/06/2018
Place of ConferenceHong Kong
Country/Region of ConferenceHong Kong
Year2018
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2018-09-10 at 17:24