Toxic effects of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (BDE 47 and 99) and localization of BDE-99-induced cyp1a mRNA in zebrafish larvae
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AbstractPolybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were once widely used as flame retardants in furniture and electronic products, and contamination persists in developing countries due to the dismantling of electronic waste. Our previous study confirmed that 2,2', 4,4', 5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99) induced cytochrome P450 1A (Cyp1a) via aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr)-mediated signaling in the zebrafish liver cell line (ZFL) in vitro. In this study, the toxicities of BDE-47 and BDE-99 at environmentally relevant concentrations (50 and 500 nM) were evaluated in newly hatched zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae in vivo. A time-course study (8, 24, 48, and 96 h) was performed. BDE-99 was observed to cause yolk sac edema and pericardial edema after 72 h of exposure. Real-time polymerase chain reaction assay and whole-mount in situ hybridization assay confirmed cyp1a induction by BDE-99 in the liver and intestine. Continuous down-regulation of tr beta by as much as 2.1-fold after 96 h and transient down-regulation of ttr by 7.1-fold after 24 h indicated the interference of BDE-99 in the thyroid hormone system. cyp1a induction was also observed in BDE-47-treated larvae, but cellular localization of cyp1a was not confirmed by whole-mount in situ hybridization. The induction of four cyp1 genes (cyp1a, cyp1b1, cyp1c1 and cyp1c2) by both BDE congeners warrants further study to understand the in vivo metabolism of BDE-47 and BDE-99 and the dioxin-like toxicity potencies of the OH-/MeO-PBDEs. The data obtained in this study will aid the characterization of molecular disorders caused by PBDEs in fish and help to delineate better models for toxicity assessment of environmental pollutants in ecological systems and in other vertebrates such as humans.
All Author(s) ListYANG J, ZHAO H, CHAN KM
Journal nameToxicology Reports
Volume Number4
Pages614 - 624
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsCyp1a,BDE-99,Gene-profiling,in situ hybridization
Web of Science Subject CategoriesToxicology;Toxicology

Last updated on 2021-17-09 at 23:48