Bigger Pie, Bigger Slice? The Impact of Higher Education Expansion on Educational Opportunity in China
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AbstractChina’s higher education system has expanded rapidly since 1999. Exploiting variation in the density of university expansion across provinces and high school cohorts and applying a difference-in-differences model, we estimate the impact of higher education expansion on educational access and attainment with a particular focus on students’ family and demographic backgrounds. Results indicate that the expansion of university spots increased both access and graduation rates at 4-year universities, but this improvement was driven by those of higher social status, including males, those with highly educated fathers, han-ethnic and urban students. Females, rural students and those with low-educated fathers also benefited once they were able to graduate from high school. Also, the policy had only a limited effect on the likelihood of graduating from high school. As in other countries, education expansion in China has not led to equal distribution of educational opportunities, and the least socioeconomically advantaged students are missing out.
All Author(s) ListDongshu Ou, Yuna Hou
Journal nameResearch in Higher Education
Volume Number60
Issue Number3
Pages358 - 391
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsHigher education, Supply expansion, Education attainment, Equality of opportunity, China

Last updated on 2021-17-09 at 23:52