Electrospun SF/PVA Nanofiber Filters for Highly Efficient PM2.5 Capture
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AbstractParticulate matter (PM) air pollution is associated with various adverse health effects. Heavy outdoor air pollution, especially smog, has significantly impacted the living quality of residential environments. Here, we report the fabrication of silk fibroin/polyvinyl alcohol (SF/PVA) nanofiber air filters for the filtration of PM pollution using the electrospinning technique. Silk fibroin is a type of protein fibers, which is widely available with excellent environmental sustainability, and PVA is commonly used for continuous nanofiber fabrication. Our results showed that the PM 2.5 removal efficiency of the SF/PVA filter was 99.11 ± 0.24%, which was about 10% higher than that of the pure PVA filter under the same pressure drop of 50 Pa. In a 24-h filtration test, the filtration efficiency of this composite SF/PVA filter remained at a high value of 98.97% after 24 h. The results indicate the superior filtration performance of the SF/PVA nanofiber air filter, which holds a great promise in PM pollution prevention.
All Author(s) ListYe Bian, Rutao Wang, Sin Hang Ting, Chun Chen, Li Zhang
Journal nameIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
Year2018
Month9
Volume Number17
Issue Number5
PublisherIEEE
Pages934 - 939
ISSN1536-125X
eISSN1941-0085
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsProteins, PVA, Polymers, Pressure measurement, Scanning electron microscopy, Silk Fibroin, Air pollution, filtration, Fabrication, PM2:5, nanofiber

Last updated on 2020-24-05 at 01:25