Scalable and sustainable synthesis of carbon microspheres via a purification-free strategy for sodium-ion capacitors
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AbstractSodium-based energy storage receives a great deal of interest due to the virtually inexhaustible sodium reserve, while the scalable and sustainable strategies to synthesize carbon-based materials with suitable interlayer spaces and large sodium storage capacities are yet to be fully investigated. Carbon microspheres, with regular geometry, non-graphitic characteristic, and stable nature are promising candidates, yet the synthetic methods are usually complex and energy consuming. In this regard, we report a scalable purification-free strategy to synthesize carbon microspheres directly from 5 species of fresh juice. As-synthesized carbon microspheres exhibit dilated interlayer distance of 0.375 nm and facilitate Na+ uptake and release. For example, such carbon microsphere anodes have a specific capacity of 183.9 mAh g(-1) at 50 mA g(-1) and exhibit ultra-stability (99.0% capacity retention) after 10000 cycles. Moreover, via facile activation, highly porous carbon microsphere cathodes are fabricated and show much higher energy density at high rate than commercial activated carbon. Coupling the compelling anodes and cathodes above, novel sodium-ion capacitors show the high working potential up to 4.0 V, deliver a maximum energy density of 52.2 Wh kg(-1), and exhibit an acceptable capacity retention of 85.7% after 2000 cycles.
All Author(s) ListShijie Wang, Rutao Wang, Yabin Zhang, Dongdong Jin, Li Zhang
Journal nameJournal of Power Sources
Year2018
Month3
Day1
Volume Number379
PublisherElsevier
Pages33 - 40
ISSN0378-7753
eISSN1873-2755
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsSodium-ion capacitors,Carbon microspheres,Fresh juice,Scalable,Purification-free,Sustainable
Web of Science Subject CategoriesChemistry, Physical;Electrochemistry;Energy & Fuels;Materials Science, Multidisciplinary;Chemistry;Electrochemistry;Energy & Fuels;Materials Science

Last updated on 2020-01-06 at 01:39