Towards Automated Log Parsing for Large-Scale Log Data Analysis
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AbstractLogs are widely used in system management for dependability assurance because they are often the only data available that record detailed system runtime behaviors in production. Because the size of logs is constantly increasing, developers (and operators) intend to automate their analysis by applying data mining methods, therefore structured input data (e.g., matrices) are required. This triggers a number of studies on log parsing that aims to transform free-text log messages into structured events. However, due to the lack of open-source implementations of these log parsers and benchmarks for performance comparison, developers are unlikely to be aware of the effectiveness of existing log parsers and their limitations when applying them into practice. They must often reimplement or redesign one, which is time-consuming and redundant. In this paper, we first present a characterization study of the current state of the art log parsers and evaluate their efficacy on five real-world datasets with over ten million log messages. We determine that, although the overall accuracy of these parsers is high, they are not robust across all datasets. When logs grow to a large scale (e.g., 200 million log messages), which is common in practice, these parsers are not efficient enough to handle such data on a single computer. To address the above limitations, we design and implement a parallel log parser (namely POP) on top of Spark, a large-scale data processing platform. Comprehensive experiments have been conducted to evaluate POP on both synthetic and real-world datasets. The evaluation results demonstrate the capability of POP in terms of accuracy, efficiency, and effectiveness on subsequent log mining tasks.
Acceptance Date02/10/2017
All Author(s) ListPinjia He, Jieming Zhu, Shilin He, Jian Li, Michael R. Lyu
Journal nameIEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
Volume Number15
Issue Number6
Pages931 - 944
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2021-18-10 at 00:02