Materialism among Chinese adolescents: Implications for emotional and academic adjustment and the role of peer relations
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AbstractWestern research has found increased materialism among young people, which may hurt their psychological wellbeing while result partly from peer influences. In a study spanning 6 months (Time 1=Fall, Grade 7; Time 2=Spring, Grade 8), we examined these issues among early adolescents in urban (141 girls, 138 boys; mean age=12.87 years, SD=.45) vs. rural (110 girls, 175 boys; mean age=12.84, SD=.47) China. At Time 1, there was no difference in urban vs. rural adolescents’ endorsement of materialism, whereas at Time 2, urban adolescents reported greater materialism. Among both urban and rural adolescents, adjusting for initial functioning at Time 1, materialism at Time 1 was predictive of heightened depressive symptoms and dampened intrinsic motivation in schoolwork at Time 2; perceived peer group pressure (e.g., “People of my age make me feel that I should dress in certain clothes”) and perceived parental psychological control (e.g., guilt induction, love withdrawal, social comparison) at Time 1 were both predictive of heightened materialism at Time 2, whereas perceived peer positive behavior (e.g., “People of my age make me feel that I should work hard”) at Time 1 was predictive of dampened materialism at Time 2. The findings suggest similar adjustment outcomes of and peer influences on youth materialism in Western vs. Eastern cultures and in urban vs. rural areas in China, and another downside of parental psychological control in potentially fostering materialism in children.
All Author(s) ListQian Wang, Yongjuan Li, Meilin Guan
Name of ConferenceThe 15th European Congress of Psychology
Start Date of Conference11/07/2017
End Date of Conference14/07/2017
Place of ConferenceAmsterdam
Country/Region of ConferenceNetherlands
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2018-22-06 at 16:51