Needs for peer approval among adolescents in urban and rural China: Links to psychosocial adjustment and perceived parenting
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AbstractNeeds for peer approval (positive with increased self-worth given approval and negative with decreased self-worth given disapproval) characterize Western adolescence, while Chinese adolescents are believed to focus on academics, with little extant research on their peer orientations. We addressed this gap in a two-time study (T1=Fall, Grade 7; T2=Spring, Grade 8) among adolescents in urban (141 girls, 138 boys; mean age=12.87 years, SD=.45) vs. rural (110 girls, 175 boys; mean age=12.84, SD=.47) China. At both times, urban vs. rural adolescents did not differ in their needs for peer approval, and both reported greater positive need than negative need. Adjusting for initial functioning at T1, positive need at T1 predicted urban adolescents’ enhanced self-esteem, and both urban and rural adolescents’ dampened depression and anxiety at T2; negative need at T1 predicted both urban and rural adolescents’ dampened life satisfaction, heightened depression and problem behavior, and urban adolescents’ heightened anxiety at T2; among both urban and rural adolescents, perceived parental autonomy support (e.g., allowing children to make choices for themselves) at T1 predicted heightened positive need at T2, while perceived parental psychological control (e.g., making children feel guilty and unloved when not behaving well) at T1 predicted heightened negative need at T2. The findings show both similarities and differences in adolescents’ peer orientations across sociocultural contexts.
All Author(s) ListQian Wang, Meilin Guan, Yongjuan Li
Name of ConferenceThe 15th European Congress of Psychology
Start Date of Conference11/07/2017
End Date of Conference14/07/2017
Place of ConferenceAmsterdam
Country/Region of ConferenceNetherlands
Year2017
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2018-22-06 at 15:47