Job Search during Financial Hardship: Employment Commitment and Expectations among Selected Job Seekers in Ghana
Other conference paper



摘要Despite the recent increase in research on job search behaviour little has been conducted to examine job search behaviour in developing and newly industrialised countries (e.g., in Ghana). The relatively high rate of unemployment, coupled with current economic hardship in Ghana serve as motivation for unemployed job seekers to engage in high job search behaviour to achieve reemployment goal. This paper examined the roles of job search motives (employment commitment and job search expectation) as mediators between goal orientation and job search behaviour. We do not believe that the impact of job seekers’ employment commitment and expectation on job search behaviour will be unaffected by their perceived financial hardship. Hence, we also examined the moderating role of perceived financial hardship in the job search motives—job search behaviour link. A total of 720 unemployed job seekers in Ghana were recruited to first complete a survey on goal orientation, job search motive and perceived financial hardship at Time 1 and then report their job search behaviour six weeks later (Time 2). Results showed that employment commitment was correlated positively with learning goal orientation (LGO) and performance-prove goal orientation (PPGO), but negatively with performance-avoid goal (APGO) orientation. LGO was positively related to job search expectation. The results further revealed that goal orientation (LGO and APGO) and job search motives (employment commitment and job search expectation) at Time 1 were related to job search behavioura at Time 2, and job search motives significantly mediated the relation between goal orientation and job search behaviour over time. Interestingly, the relation between job search expectation and job search behaviour was moderated by perceived financial hardship, revealing that job seekers with high financial hardship had low expectation of finding employment. These findings suggest that job search is a ubiquitous phenomenon and factors predictive of job search behaviour in the West are also relevant in Africa. The study has practical implications for career counsellors and coaches for job seekers in Ghana. Job search training aimed at enhancing learning goal orientation and employment commitment may lead to a better chance of successful reemployment among job seekers.
著者AFFUM-OSEI Emmanuel, CHAN Kwan Shing Darius
會議名稱30th APS Annual Convention
會議地點San Francisco, CA
關鍵詞goal orientation, job search motives, job search behaviour, Ghana

上次更新時間 2018-25-06 於 10:34